1. Comprehend Amplitude Modulation (AM), Frequency Modulation (FM) and Phase Modulation (PM) for bandpass communication.
2. Develop an understanding of Frequency Division Multiple Access technique (FDMA).
3. Understand the digital modulated systems: Binary modulated bandpass signaling and multilevel modulated bandpass signaling.
4. Develop an understanding of Code Division Multiple Access technique (CDMA): Direct Sequence CDMA and Frequency Hopped CDMA.
5. Understand random processes and signals.