1. Calculate concentration of species at equilibrium.
2. Assess acidity and basicity of solutions.
3. Determine the strength of acids and bases.
3. Develope pC-pH diagrams and use them.
4. Determine solubility of solids.
5. Determine carbonate alkalinity of solutions.
6. Determine the hydrolysis products.
7. Develope Eh-pH diagrams and use them in mineral processing applications.